A great big headline to catch some attention, because everyone likes attention

So you understand the roaring wave of fear that swept through the greatest city in the world just as Monday was dawning--the stream of flight rising swiftly to a torrent, lashing in a foaming tumult round the railway stations, banked up into a horrible struggle about the shipping in the Thames, and hurrying by every available channel northward and eastward. By ten o'clock the police organisation, and by midday even the railway organisations, were losing coherency, losing shape and efficiency, guttering, softening, running at last in that swift liquefaction of the social body.

Perfect door house option

Selecting the good door house is very important to any home owners. Firstly, the door is the factor helping to protect the house from any external elements which can give bad influence to the house. When choosing the door house, there can be some elements which the owners have to pay attention to such as the material of the door house. The material is very important and it is closely related to the environment you are living. For example if you are living in the wet weather all year round so it is not wise to use the wooden door as it is going to get termite very quickly and the wooden door will be worn in a very short time. If you are still insisted on using the wooden door then you have to apply some special taking care methods to look after your wooden door.

There can be several tips for you which are considered helpful in making you to have the best decision related to your best door house purchase. If you are going to buy the whole door system you should make sure that all will come from the same manufacturers. When you buy a door, it is quite different from other items, you are not advised buying several items from several manufacturers. Glazing feature can be one of the factors which can influence your purchase as it is the signal of how strong the door can be against any kinds of break in, therefore, you should choose the one with low glazing. You have to depend on the weather condition of your living surrounding to decide which types of materials are suitable for your door. For example, you can choose steel and fiberglass to make sure that the worst weather can not destroy them. However, you have to base on the quality and nature of the material to make your decision.

Of course, each kind of material will offer you a wide range of different advantages such as:

If you prefer a door made of vinyl then you can see that vinyl is the material which is relatively suitable for the place which is of high moisture. Vinyl will not absorb steam or water therefore it is a good tool to be against moisture. Besides, vinyl will not require you to paint and few maintenance is needed for this kind of material. This kind of material is very environmentally friendly and energy saving. It can be a good choice for garage door also some well known garage door such as liftmaster 3800 and liftmaster 8500 are made of this kind of material.

If you prefer a door made of fiberglass then you can see that the fiberglass is waterproof. Moreover, designers said that the fiberglass makes it easy for them to design and match with other materials to design the door. As they are good at any kinds of weather conditions so the fiberglass is easy to maintain.

If you prefer a door made of steel or aluminum then you can see that the aluminum door is often cheap rather than others. The quality of metal is quite tough which can ensure the strength of the door. Aluminum is hard enough to prevent rust and mildew and strong pressure.

A front main door or a garage door is really a face of the home as it is the first thing that people will look at when they pass by the house. Besides, it is going to add more value to the house if they are designing properly and in line with the house style. It is better for you to choose the one which can help to save energy in case it is operated by any kinds of energy. It can help to save the bill of heat and electricity. And for the most important purpose of the door, it must be strong enough to be against any kinds of break-ins.

In order to make the door as strong as it should be, you have to bear in mind that you should equip it with necessary accessories such as the locking system, hook system and moderator if any. These things must be paid enough attention then you can take care of the design and other kinds of decorations for the door. Maintenance can be another thing which should be cared of during your operation. You have to check it regularly to make sure that the door is operating smoothly and properly. You should equip yourself with a box of tools which can help you to fix any small errors such as oil box, rust preventer liquid, some nails, and screws and so on. In case you can not do it yourself you should consult the door manufacturer if you are still in warranty period or some professionals in other cases.



Souvenirs are often indispensable to coming back from their travels to different areas. Such souvenirs will remind you of memorable moments during your trips. If conical are typical souvenirs of Vietnam, then what in other countries? Here are some suggestions for you in terms of souvenirs while traveling around the world. Russian Matryoshka dolls, amulets of Turkey or teddy bears kangaroos of Australia are the souvenirs you should buy when there is an opportunity to travel to these countries.

  1. Turkey


Leaving Turkey, you should look for a talisman. In the souvenir shops on the streets, amulets are sold a lot. They are made from a lot of different materials such as stone, cloth, wire or beads. The color scheme is blue, often made in the form of key chains or jewelry. Turks claim that when carrying the amulet, you will be protected from evil spirits and the luck will come to your life.

  1. Russia

Matryoshka dolls

If you have the opportunity to discover the Aries land, you should buy the famous Matryoshka doll with the traditional style of Russian dolls. The image that the artists paint Matryoshka dolls reflects the tradition and life in Russia.

Maneki Neko cats

This is the waving cat – symbol of luck. Almost all the shops and offices in Japan have a statue of the cat. Maneki Neko cats are also used as decorations in the house and sold in almost every shop with adequate size and material.

  1. Japan

Kokeshi Dolls

This is the traditional dolls of Japan, made of wood with simple body and large head, no arms or legs. Kokeshi dolls were originally considered as a toy, but now has become a tradition of Japanese art. Visitors to Japan often buy these dolls as the gifts or to display on the table.

  1. India


This is considered to be deities of Hinduism, with very strange shapes: elephant head – human body. Ganesha is the symbol of ingenuity, happiness and success. In India, you can buy these items as souvenirs:  key chains or a statue.

  1. Australia

Teddy bear – Kangaroo

Kangaroo or Koala bear is a symbol of Australia and it is understood that it also becomes souvenirs of any trip here. The teddy bears of various sizes are sold in every shop. You can buy and put it in a glass or on the table to remind of the period in Oceania.

  1. Switzerland

Multifunction knives

Swiss knives are renowned all over the world. Swiss jackknife is really versatile, convenient, compact, and extremely sharp. You should buy one as a souvenir. Surely it is worthy because you can use the knife flexibly in life as an opener or a tool for paper cutting…

  1. Finland

Salmiakki Candy

These are salty candy – one the features of the Nordic countries, particularly in Finland. People here eat this candy easily while foreigners think it smells pretty nasty. However, when you come to Finland, it is advisable to buy just a small box of Salmiakki candy. The taste of Salmiakki is well reminiscent enough about this country.

  1. Belgium

Boy Manneken Piss

Manneken Piss boy statue in the capital Brussels has attracted foreign visitors by it is one part of Belgium. Therefore, when you come here, you can go to shops to buy a small gift such as key chains or can openers with Manneken Piss boy image.

  1. Brazil

Havaianas flip – flops

These are colorful sandals renowned all over the world and Brazil is its homeland. The design is simple but the souvenirs are quite practical. You can purchase one pair of Hvaianas flip – flops used when you come to the beach or just go out under hot weather. This sandal made in Brazil is very durable.

Avoid buying what

The latest survey by Skyscanner has revealed a list of 10 souvenir unexpectedly voted by the travelers.

  1. Decorations
  2. Printed T – shirts
  3. Cheap jewelry
  4. Key chains
  5. Decorative magnets
  6. Food
  7. Snowball
  8. Pirated DVDs
  9. Local drinks
  10. Toys of brands of airlines

CNN also gives useful advice for travelers

  • Lovely toys are usually attractive but this souvenir is just suitable for kids under 3 years old. You should not waste your money buying unnecessary things.
  • Donating coins after a trip is more terrible than donating nothing. Because it means you are too lazy to look for a better gift.
  • Do not buy traditional clothes because you are not the native citizen so you will not wear it.
  • Do not buy decorations that you think you will never display in important corners.
  • Do not buy the things difficult to preserve.
  • Do not buy violent souvenirs like types of rifle like gamo silent cat. Why? Because you will fall into trouble with this rifle although you just buy it for fun. This type of souvenir should not be bought. More particular, you may become crimes when you just hold it but do nothing with it. The other type is high power air rifle, which can cause unexpected situations, too. In addition to this, your friends will not like this souvenir when you donate to them because it is so violent that they cannot guess your purpose. Or they will think that you intentionally put them into confusing situations and they do not like that.

How To Buy A Piano

The piano is one of the most classic musical instrument. It has almost 2300 parts and hence is considered as the most complicated musical insrument. Many music lovers have long desire to own this classis musical piece. But the expense of buying a piano does not allow everyone to fulfill their wish. So, every buyer has a specific reason of buying the piano. Depending on the reasons of purchase, it may cost the buyer less or more. Many people suggest of having a cheap upright piano for the beginners. They suggest to have an expensive or better one after you have shown some talents and want to continue your learning. But a good piano teacher always tells how important it is for you to have a better piano so that you can feel iternally the desire to continue.

You should always try to have the best piano within your limit. This article will help you to select the best one.

  • Become familiar with various types of piano

    Before buying a piano, try to go different shops and learn about different piano manufacturing companies. Ask the shop representatives about their products and which they think to be best for your purpose. You can also research online. Read articles and reviews on different models of pianos. But make sure you have reliable knowledge on different pianos.

  • Play the pianos

    If you already know playing piano and want to buy for your child or friends, always try the piano before buying. Try different options and choose what you think is best among them. Again, if you do not know how to play it, ask the salesman to play them in different pitches. You will obviously find differences between the sound from them.

  • Consider the required space

    The piano is not a little piece of instrument. It requires a specific amount space of your room. You should consider the amount of available space at your home to place the piano.

    A grand piano has its size varying under five feet to nine feet. The smallest sizes such as the grand pianos around 5 inches are known as baby grand. Grand pianos are more responsive than the upright ones.

    Again, all of the upright pianos require same amount of floor space. It is about five feet by two feet. But their height ranges from 36 to 51 inch. Upright pianos having height range between 36- 37 inches are known as spinet and 39- 42 inches are called consoles. spinets do not provide good sound qualitites. That is why many manufacturers have stopped their production. However, you may find a used one from your local shops.

  • Take an expert with you

    When you are ready to buy the piano take an expert pianist with you. They can understand the tones more clearly than you. Beside, they also can suggest new brands which can give you better performance than the brands of your choice.

  • Check the chosen piano carefully

    After you have chosen your desired piano, you should check it thoroughly before buying.

    First, check the back of your piano. It must be strong enough to support your piano. Later, check the soundboard. This wooden board amplifies the tone of the piano and should not have any crack. Otherwise, it will produce low quality sound and will also make your piano unappealing. Further, you should check the plate, treble and bass bridges.

    Now, open the piano so that you can have a better look of the inside. Check each of the strings, hammers and dampers. Inspect whether the dampers are soft or not. Base strings do not have any dampers but the other ones have . So, check the number of the dampers. Further check out for any kind of damages or wear.

Construction of a violin

The violin is generally a four string musical instrument. They are the smallest member of the violin family and have been played in a wide range of musical genre such as folk, classical, jazz etc. The violins are generally made of different types of wood and is played with a bow. However, the full construction of a violin is discussed below.
A violin generally consists of the following elements:

  1. a spruce top (generally known as soundboard. They are also called as the top plate, table or belly)
  2. maple ribs and back
  3. two endblocks
  4. a neck
  5. a bridge
  6. a soundpost
  7. four strings
  8. various fittings; chinrest, tailpiece etc

The main body of the violin is like an hourglass. This shape includes two upper bouts, two lower bouts and two concave bouts which helps in providing clearence for the bow. The arch at the top and back are also designed to serve the same purpose.

The voice of the violin very much depends on its structure. These includes the shape, the type of wood used in construction, the thickness profile of the top and the back, the varnish used to coat the outside surface. The developed violin can be compared with the old one only on the basis of varnish and the wood used in construction. Both of this features were heavily experimented to make the violin more suited with the generation.

Animal glue is used to glue the most of the joints. The joint is thinner and reversible. So you can change the parts with the application of warm water and a little application of force. Besides, the new glue stick to the old glue very easily. This allows the preservation of more original wood.

The violins have purfling at the edge of the spruce top. It protects the edge against crack and provides more flexible rib structure. Any kind of paint on faux purfling is considered as a sign of lower quality instrument. However, the back and ribs are generally made of maple.

The neck of the violin is made of ebony or of some other woods painted in black. But ebony is preferred. It provides better hardness and makes the violin more appealing. Further it can resist wear better than anyone.

Some violins are manufactured such that they look like a old one. They include a grafted scroll which ensures the standard quality of the main scroll.

The bridge is also made from maple. It holds the lower point of the vibratory length. This is the mechanism to convey the vibration of the strings to the body of the violin. Its upper surface is curved in shape and holds the strings such that it grants a proper height distance between the fingerboard and the strings. It also allow the strings to vibrate individually so that they do not affect the sound produced by other strings. Again, sound post is located between the top and back of the violin and under the threefold foot of the bridge. The purpose of sound post is to transmit the vibration from top to the back.

The tailpiece connects the strings with the lower bout with the help of tailgut. Tailgut is, further, connected to tailpin which is generally an ebony button and is fitted into a hole at the bottom of the violin.

At the end of the violin there is a pegbox. The strings are wounded around the tuning pegs. To provide friction between the strings and pegs, the strings are wrapped with colored silk coating at the both ends. This also helps to indentify the differen strings.


The early strings were made of sheep gut where in 20th century gut, aluminium or steel were used to make the strings. In present gut is avoided and solid steel, synthetic steel or different synthetic materials wounded with various metals are used to make the strings. Sometimes, this metals can also be plated with silver.

History Of A Record Player

The record player is a classical music playing instrument which can both produce and record sound. It was invented by Thomas Edison, an American invertor and businessman, in 1877. At the same time many other inventors invented various devices which could record sound but the record player of Edison had been able to attract the interest as it can both record and reproduce sound.

Predecessors to the record player

The predecessors of the record player includes mainly two devices. They are the phonautograph of Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville and the paleophone of Charles Cros.

Phonautograph was invented by Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville in 1807 and is considered as the first device to record speech, music and other sounds. The mechanism involved the tracing of the vibration of a diaphragm by a bristle on a thin paper sheet. On the other hand Charles Cros’s paleophone was used to produce sound. It first introduced the stylus to produce sound.

First Phonograph Or Record Phone

Somewhere between May and July of 1877, Thomas Alva Edison was working on the recording of telegraph messages when he thought about a device to both record and play sounds. Finally, he succeded in inventing the device in November 21, 1877 and named it phonogrpah. It was demostrated on the 29th of November of the same year. In the later year, he was granted the patent of the record player on February 19th.

However, Edison’s phonograph consists of a tinfoil shaped in a cylinder. The motion of the stylus was used to record sound on the tinfoil as trough on the foil. When the stylus was moved on the foil, the ups and downs of the trough would produce the sound.

Introduction Of Flat Records

Charles Cros was the initial thinker of flat records, while Edison was also ineterested to experment on the topics. The oldest flat records, which still survives, is basically a copper electrotype cut into a wax disc. It was available in 1881.

In 1887, Emile Berliner invented a different version of phograpgh which he named gramophone. In this device, the diaphragm was connected to the stylus and maked it to trace a zinc disc which was thinly coated with compound of beeswax by vibrating the stylus laterally. Then the zinc disc was taken for a bath of chromic acid. It inscribed the grooves into the disc and then the record was ready to play. After some experiments and improvement, Emile’s flat disc was manufactured in large quantities but at very low cost compared to the Edison’s cylindrical disc.

However, the low cost of disc and further improvement shake the whole music lovers. It gradually became more popular day by day. In May 1889, the first phonograph parlour was openned in San Francisco and by the mid of 1890s, all most every American cities had at least one phonograph parlour to entertain their people.

Improvement at the Volta Laboratory

Alexander Graham Bell along with his two associates tried to modify the Edison’s phonograph by using wax instead of tinfoil to reproduce the sound. They started to research and experiment on the topics at Volta Laboratory located in Washington D.C. in 1879. They achieved the success in the project and was granted the patent of device for recording sound in wax at 1886.

However, though Edison gained famous as the inventor of record player, he did not work on the improvement of his invention immediately. Its efficiency was low and no matter how much care was taken to place the stylus, it produced distorted sound. Thats why the recordd player had to stumble at first as no one was willing to buy it because of the low quality and high price. It was the contribution of Bell who took the initiative to improve the phonograph and made a low cost version.

By the year 1885, Bell along with his colleagues were sure about the invention of multiple practical gramophones and after having he patent they demonstrate the device to the businessmen for its marketing purposes. It was hard labour of Volta associates which made the business of record player a successful one. Their invention was pratical and more easy to use. However, the record player became a major entertainment system for the Americans after some more improvements made by Edison and Emile.

The record player was the unbeaten mean of entertainment to the people before 1980s. After that time, they had to face a mojor throwback due to their large size and complexity to use. More cheaper and lighter version of CDs, cassette players took the market. But no one could deny the sound quality of the record player. That is why many company took the initiative to add modern features and made them available again after the year 2000

If you interested in record player, you can find out information in recordplayercenter.com.

Exposure of children to pollutants in house dust and indoor air

House dust condition and indoor air system is a vital issue for any family member especially for the children. If the inside air system is polluted and the dust condition is above the safety level then all the house inhabitants including the children are in a big mess and big probability of being attacked by lethal disease. Indoor air pollution is marked as high environmental risk by USEPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency) and CDC (Centers of Disease Control). The most significant solution for the air pollution is using the best air purifier for the smoke. The risk is potentially higher for the smaller children than the adults because of smaller size, organ development stages; the ratio of surface area is higher than the body weight, immune and nerve systems etc.

From a range of 3-290 micrograms of potentially carcinogenic PAHS, 250-2250 micrograms of leads and 210-1900 ng/gram of PCBs is collected from carpet dusts of 9 Seattle homes and 8 in Columbus. In average 37.2, 229 and 16.3 micrograms/gram sofa dust is found in Seattle for cat allergen, lead and mite allergen. There are eleven percentages of toddlers having pica, posses the extreme risk and highest exposures. The aggregation of dust mites, sofas, mattress and dusts are the prime resource of exposure to generate allergens, VOCs, PAHs and pesticides.

What are the reasons?

There are lots of pollutants with different individual and grouped sources which are directly or partially playing their role for the house dust arising and indoor air pollution. Mainly dusts and dust mites, dander, mold, direct & secondhand smokes, shedding fabrics, unsealed air filtration system, closet maintenance, pets and kids etc are playing their strong roles for the pollution of dusts and indoor air system. While cleaning fur with the help of tongue, dogs and cats are ingesting the pollution particles in the soil they contact and in the house dust.

The risky elements for the children:

Pollution is risky for both adults and children, but the output is much dangerous and workable with children as they have comparatively less consciousness about the fact and for some physical reasons. We can mention several elements like house dusts, lead, VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds), air pollution inside of the house, smoking both direct and secondhand, contaminated soil, allergens, venturesome household chemicals etc has the most playable parts for either dust arising or air pollution inside of the house.

Output derived from Exposure upon children:

There are some negative and dangerous output found from the exposure of children to pollutants in house dust and indoor air pollution. The exposure of home pollutant may cause several risky, lethal and troublesome diseases. For example,

  • Cancer
  • Allergies
  • Damage of the nervous system
  • learning disabilities
  • retarded growth
  • Rapid and recycled illness.
  • Asthma
  • lead poisoning
  • symptoms for sick building

etc. can be the most mentionable output especially for the children. These are the fundamentals of the output derived from the exposure for the children. In reality, there are some other side effects and direct actions too which vary from children to children and also depends on the conditions of the pollutions and dustiness of the house.

For toddlers, the exposure of lead through dusty pathway found to be much greater than affected by other sides. In epidemiological studies, existing and long lasting incurable exposure of toddlers are distinguished for sampling house dusts.

Alarming Equation of the Exposure for U.S.A:

An equation of the United States is showing that, U.S. has to count prolonged and greater costs for allergy and asthma as the year goes around. For Asthma casualty, the percentage has grown up to 8-12% from 0.5% within 1930 to 1991. For the children of U.S the increased rate reaches up to 4% per year and 14% for Seattle per year. The estimated cost for asthma was $6.2 billion in 1990 where for Seattle the estimated cost was $2,526,000 in 1993.

Day to day pollution level is increasing and the exposure for the children to that pollution is bringing quite an alarming situation over the entire world. The smokes are increasing rapidly and playing big helping role for the pollution occurs. We recommend using the best air purifier for the smoke to fight effectively against the lethal particles of the air and save the children from the pollutions of dust and indoor air.

How to keep dust down in your house?

A very big and common issue for every household member is preventing dusts from their house and keeping the house neat and clean. Dusts in a house can produce in simply automatic procedure and there is no direct stopping of these filthy and lethal particle contaminated issue. A sweet and standard living house become a curse for living especially for the children when the dust and air pollution of that house reaches to the maximum extent. As a result, every householder should be conscious about the dust arising and the only smart choice is to keep the dust down in your house.

Now, before doing something serious about keeping dust down in your house, you need to follow and maintain some strategies and special moves so that you can get the highest output from your proceedings. Before take actions for the dust prevention, you need be careful about the sources of dust arising. There is always a source of anything happens in the world and if you know the producing source well and research over them, then it would be much easier to take actions against that particular issues.

Now, as we researched for the dust arising in any house, we got some common reasons or resources which are directly or indirectly responsible for the dust arising and there may be more reasons out there but these are the common causes.

  • Dust Mites, Pollen, and mold and dried fallen fabrics in the surface.
  • The closets maintenance affectivity of your house.
  • Unsealed air filtrations system and how much it’s affecting?
  • If there is any broken roof, walls or windows in the house.
  • Floors and the hidden areas of the house especially the corners.
  • Shedding and bedding fibers of the clothes which gathering to those corners.
  • Carpets and drapes using in your house.
  • Your unconsciousness of producing sources and ineffective moves.
  • The kitchen or furnace areas.
  • The pets and children messing with dust inside of your house.

Keep dust down inside of your house:

As we already figured out the reasons and resources of dust arising common causes, now we can take actions against them quite easily. Just uproot the resources and grow bit more concern among other family members.

Closet doors Maintenance: Whenever you are opening the doors of your closets, there is an ultimate dust strong producing and helping out the other dust particles moving or entering inside or mixing up with other pollutants already existed inside of your house. You should be serious to keep clean of the floors of your closet.

Use a microfiber instead of Dust Cloth: Use an electrostatic cloth or microfiber rather using old dust clothes for capturing dusts and dander in your house. Just remind, your main target is capturing the dusts and removing them effectively not spreading them over the house.

Carpets cleaning techniques: You can think carpet as the best dust collector in your house. Every time dusts are being gathered in the carpets and seriously carpets are great collector of dusts. Now, clear the carpets on a regular basis and if possible sweep the carpets at least once a week. Give more and more priority for the carpet cleaning and its quite urgent than others.

Broken windows and walls: If there are any broken windows or splinted walls from where some dust particles are disheveled, then you are in a big mess. Try repairing as soon as possible.

Both Vacuuming and Dusting: Use both the strategies dusting and vacuuming for the highest output. A single tactics will bring you good results but both will bring better output.

Stop/prevent before starts: Please do not let your cleaning for the next day. Do start your cleaning before it spreads out. Your consciousness is the key and your laziness is a curse.

Do not mess with the filthy elements and when it comes for your house, you have no options but preventing them. Your conscious and concerned move will uproot the dust arising and ensure the safety and cleanliness of yours as well as the other family members.

Controlling Dust and Dander in Your Home

Everybody wants a safe and secured life where there are no pollutions and no hassles. For ensuring pollution free life, you have to get a home that is also pollution free, neat and clean. But dusts and dander is always hampering your standard pollution free living in your house and the automatic progress of dusts and dander is an alarming issue for every householders. The spontaneous arising can’t be prevented directly and you are unable to uproot this issue forever. Then the only thing you can think of is “controlling”. Controlling dusts and dander in your house can ensure a safe and secure life but before that you need to take special care of some special issue.

As there is dust and dander producing resources, you have to find out those reasons or resources and then take actions against them. And we are providing the special tips and solutions of dust arising problems and you will find some real cool ways of solving this problem in your house.

So, firstly think of the resources and reasons and then uproot them entirely or partially possible. Just follow our below described techniques and you will have a good idea of what you need to do and what not. Your right move in the right time will make a big difference and wrong decision will create negative impacts on dust controlling.

Techniques on Dust controlling in your home:

We are aware of the reasons of dust arising in a house and then tried to describe the solutions which can be good fit against the reasons. Firstly we will describe the resources playing for dust arising and then we will go for the remedy or solutions.

  • Capture the Dusts: You should be concerned about your role is to grab the dust and uproot them not spreading it over the house. You can use micro fiber cloth or slightly dampened cloths as an effective duster and be more conscious about the dusting of the surface areas. The floors, the hidden areas and other surfaces should be dusted in a certain period of time or whenever it is dusty.
  • Sucking is not the only solution: It would be waste of time if you only do suction with vacuums which are not of powerful beater bar or agitator. You can use that on carpeting for the best use but for delicate area vinyl floors, hardwood you should use the hand tools which have soft brushes.
  • The furnace filtration efficiency: It would be a good move if you can use a pleated fabric /paper filter. This would help to capture and attract dusts with an electrostatic charging system. Filter of any kind should be modified within three months or at least checked for the efficiency level after that certain period of time.
  • Mind about the heavy drapes: Try replacing the heavy draperies and curtains with shutters and blinds as they can capture dusts. The replacing will allow you to clean them easily.
  • Vacuuming accessories to use: Try using a HEPA filter because it will trap much more tiny stuffs and other particles than any other vacuums. Try to replace the base belts and vacant the canister whenever possible.
  • Grow your own consciousness: Your concern is much more vital than anything else for prevention of dusts and as you know, there are lots of reasons behind the dust arising and try to figure out what reasons playing in your case. Try to find out the resources for your house and then try to take actions against the issues. Your little more concern can save lots time as well as money.

Do not leave any cleaning step for the next days because it will just get worse with the next day. Make your decision first, do your necessary research, if possible write down about the stuffs like a diary and then take steps. You need to take special care for your sweet home and you are fully responsible for that. So, do not just get in delay rather do it whenever it needs doing. Happy living.

The intrigue of an OBD connector

On board diagnostics (OBD) has come a long way since its introduction in the Eighties. OBD provides easy accessibility to the vehicle owner to get the data on the state of health of any motor vehicle where they are installed.

In addition to making the task of the mechanic easier in terms of finding the various issues of fault, if any, the scanners are more users friendly, stronger and efficient. With the earlier versions of OBD, it was worth noting that it could scan only a certain section of the car. The selected section could be according to an applicable indicator light which could be used to show the fault.

obd2 scanner ps150

However, the newest form of OBD 2 which is in most cases called the scanners, the level of flexibility in terms of pinpointing the faults cannot be assumed. This is why; the work of the mechanic while this is in use is made quite easier when put at a scale with the OBD reader version.

The level of value for money service offered by the new reader version will be quite useful in terms of reducing the time taken in the process of trying to get the relevant data. It is not just the data but even the work process is relatively reduced making this the ideal tool to have around by any motorist.

What is it?

The OBD 2 scanner is what is usually called the scanner. It is in most cases made with the necessary interface and software system which is applied in the process of elaborate diagnostic of the engine fault.

The electrical device is connected to the computer of the automobile and also to the pin plug is for connecting with the several known elements within the motor vehicle for ease of a scan process. Data collected by the OBD 2 connector is in most cases taken through a rigorous check by the PC which is joined to the scanner through the OBD 2 pin plugs.

To begin with, the OBD 2 has sixteen pin OBD 2 plugs which enhance its ease of connection to the several interfaces and areas. One area worth noting is the power source which usually has its own battery for standardized interface with hardware.

Most OBD 2 scan tools are compliant to the SAE J1962 standards, the standardization procedure recommended for use by the scanners. The J1962 standards clearly specify the performance levels of every OBD 2 pin. Some pins are however left with no specific functions. These pins are usually meant to be used at the discretion of the vehicle manufacturer.

The OBD 2 pin connectors and instruments are in most cases located conveniently next to the driver. That is why it is in most of the vehicles found just close to the driver’s seat for ease of access to the vehicle engine as well as the user.

In most of the earlier versions, it was located in some areas within the engine compartment. It worth our note that there are five protocols which are all put at the disposal of the user. These are to be used with these OBD 2 connectors.

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However, in most instances, just one of them is employed for every vehicle. The fault codes and conditions are in most cases detected accordingly using different protocols. The Cars from General Motors use the SAE J1850 VPW which is also applicable to those from Europe and Asia which use the SAE J1850 PWM certification.

The certification is a standard which was formulated to help make the use of the connector’s at par with other motor vehicle requirements. The new advanced OBD 2 system helps keep the surroundings clean and at the same time help in effectively identifying the vehicle fault. Selecting a good connector involves checking ion the several other OBD 2 system interfaces.  The certification will also improve the trust of its effectiveness.

In conclusion therefore, selecting the correct OBD 2 system is of paramount importance. The safest manner is to pick a tool from the manufacturer. One of such is the Diagnostic Connectors and Cable Corporation, which is just referred to as AC3. It is the best to consult especially if you are looking for something of great quality.

There are however other connectors which may be worth your attention if you are to successfully carry out that scan.

New diagnostic tools let technicians test troubled autos on the road

Automobile manufacturers are racing to develop diagnostic systems that can receive commands by phone. Although such systems may seem too high-tech, their basic components can already be found in some vehicles. A further improvement would be a means to link a vehicle with the service department. The process of transmitting data to and from a vehicle is called telematics, and such a technology is already widely used in the trucking industry.

Custom Police Car

One of the most disheartening things a driver can see, other than the red flashing light of a police car in the rear-view mirror, is the “Service Engine Soon” warning on the instrument panel.

Many times when the service light illuminates the engine seems to run just fine, leaving the driver to wonder, “Should I stop now or can it wait?”

A definitive answer requires a time-consuming trip to the service department, which sometimes means that the owner delays important service work.

But automakers are looking at ways of using vehicles’ existing technology to immediately diagnose the problem, tell the driver how serious it is, and fix it as quickly as possible – all strategies designed to boost customer satisfaction.

The key to this plan is getting a technician to communicate with the car while it is on the road.

Such service techniques may seem as futuristic as warp drive from “Star Trek.” But in reality, the technologies that are the building blocks of such a system already are installed in some vehicles today. And using them to link a vehicle with the service department may be in the near future.

Here’s how such a system might work:

  • If the engine service light comes on, the driver pushes a dedicated button on a cellular telephone.
  • The call goes to a service center. An operator at the center talks with the driver about the problem, and routes the call to either the nearest dealer of that franchise, or the franchised dealer of the caller’s choice.
  • Once connected with the dealership,. the caller talks with a service technician, then presses another button on the cellular telephone. This links the phone with the vehicle’s engine control network, and sends the data to the technician.
  • The technician runs the data through a diagnostic terminal to read trouble codes and can perform tests to identify the problem.
  • If the problem can be fixed with a software change, the technician could download the new software into the engine control computer via the telephone link. If the problem requires a visit to the dealership, the technician can schedule a service appointment and order parts in advance.

When General Motors introduced its OnStar system last year, executives said that enabling the vehicle to signal when it was malfunctioning was a possibility for future uses of the system.

Now, however, OnStar representatives decline to talk about such a use for the system, saying it is considered a competitive issue related to future product plans.

Ford Motor Co., which offers the RESCU system on the Lincoln Continental, also would not discuss service information, saying it is related to future product plans.

But one supplier was happy to talk. “We’re promoting servicing as a use for our data transfer technology, but we don’t have anybody online yet.” said Bob Drury, manager of advanced traffic information service business concepts for Siemens Automotive in Auburn Hills, Mich.

Data packets

Siemens has developed a proprietary method for sending large “packets” of data in quick bursts over cellular phones. The data packets were developed for a lower-cost vehicle navigation system Siemens plans to introduce in 1998. But the technology can be used easily for other applications, such as service information, Drury said.

specific transmit data packet

Not only could a technician download data from a vehicle that was on the road, Drury said, but if the repair is merely a software change, the technician could upload the new program to the car and the owner would not even have to visit the dealership.

Such a system could be a boon for automakers by lowering warranty costs and enabling greater compliance with recall campaigns for software-related changes to engine and vehicle-control computers. The repair could even be done in the middle of the night. The service center would call up the car and download the new software, Drury said.

The process of transmitting data to and from vehicles is known as telematics, which is getting a big boost as more automakers install navigation and emergency services systems in their vehicles. Every time a Cadillac owner uses OnStar, or a Lincoln Continental owner calls for assistance from RESCU, data from the Global Positioning System satellite receiver in the car is sent via modem over the cellular phone to pinpoint the car’s location for the operator at the response center.

On vehicles with OnStar, data movement can be a two-way process. The service center operator can command the vehicle to flash its lights if the owner is having a hard time finding the car in a crowded parking lot, or order the doors to be unlocked if the keys have been locked inside.

The key to these capabilities is a data bus – an electronic highway inside the vehicle that carries coded electronic messages for several systems along a common wire.

A data bus also is central to delivering engine diagnostics. But this bus has its genesis in the quest for less-polluting vehicles.

The advent of the second generation of on-board diagnostics, known as OBD-H, forced automakers to substantially increase the number and capabilities of sensors in the powertrain. These sensors monitor the performance of the engine, transmission and catalytic converter – tracking events such as engine misfires – to give early warning when emissions levels rise.

Data from the sensors flows along a data bus to the engine-control computer, which watches for problems and sets diagnostic trouble codes.

“It says that the automakers are looking at working with the basics, a cell phone, model and GPS, and add value using those features rather then going to a flow-blown system,” said Paul Hansen, editor of The Hansen Report on Automotive Electronics.

Truckers’ turf

The use of telematics is not new. Owners of heavy-duty truck fleets, such as J.B. Hunt or Yellow Freight, are able to keep constant tabs on their trucks’ whereabouts. Each truck has a receiver/transmitter that provides the truck’s location, engine data and load status. The device also sends messages to the driver.

Drury of Siemens noted that some heavy trucks do not have fuel gauges any more. The central dispatch office monitors fuel usage and tells the driver how much fuel to take on for the next run, minimizing weight and costs.

And the automakers have been using telematics for their own purposes, said Drury, who worked as an engineer with Ford before joining Siemens.

Engineers at vehicle engineering centers in Michigan use personal computers to call up information being transmitted from vehicles at test tracks around the nation, he said.

But there are hurdles, Drury notes. The first is configuring the system to create a secure link between the engine control data and the receiver. For vehicle navigation systems, suppliers and automakers are working to develop a standardized “gateway” to the data bus that would give a system access to the information it needs, without opening up the vehicle’s entire electrical network to interference.

Such a gateway would likely be necessary for service, Drury said.

There is also the issue of invasion of privacy.

It would be important that people communicating with the vehicle would have an identification number, but not have access to personal information about the owner, Drury said.

And there is also the resistance of some service technicians to computerized repair equipment.

“Over the last decade,” says Drury, “the automakers have put some high-tech tools for diagnosing vehicles into the shops, but getting technicians to use them is another thing.”

Dale Jewett is a Detroit-based Automotive News staff reporter.